Well being Financial savings Accounts (HSAs) function helpful tax benefits that make them a well-liked financial savings car. Along with permitting for tax-deductible contributions, tax-free development, and tax-free withdrawals for certified medical bills (the so-called ‘triple tax profit’), HSA funds could be invested and allowed to develop for the long run – which has led many individuals to deal with their HSA as a de facto retirement account by saving and investing the funds for use for healthcare prices in retirement.
One attainable consequence of ‘superfunding’ an HSA, nonetheless, is that the account proprietor might not really burn up all of their HSA funds over their lifetime, which might have important tax penalties. Specifically, if the HSA’s beneficiary is anybody different than the proprietor’s partner, the account loses its HSA standing and the whole account worth turns into taxable revenue to the beneficiary within the yr of the unique proprietor’s demise.
For advisors who suggest HSA-maximizing methods, then, it’s essential to contemplate the dangers of the account proprietor being unable to make use of up their funds and to plan for potential methods to shortly draw down the account within the occasion the HSA proprietor won’t outlive their HSA funds.
One such technique is to advise shoppers to maintain monitor of any certified medical bills they incur after establishing the HSA – even these which might be paid for from funds outdoors the HSA. As a result of if the proprietor ever must shortly withdraw funds from the HSA, they are going to be in a position to take action tax-free to the extent that they’ve any beforehand unreimbursed medical bills from any level after the HSA was established – which may permit the HSA proprietor to make a tax-free ‘deathbed drawdown’ of a giant quantity (and even all) of their account, which might in any other case develop into taxable revenue if inherited by the account beneficiary. It’s additionally essential for different events concerned within the proprietor’s property plan to pay attention to their roles, and to make sure that any funds withdrawn from the HSA are nonetheless distributed in line with the HSA proprietor’s needs.
The important thing level is that the extra that advisors (and their shoppers) can plan upfront for the contingency of needing to shortly withdraw HSA funds, the extra possible they are going to really have the opportunity to take action. As a result of though it (hopefully) isn’t possible that anybody particular person might want to do a deathbed HSA drawdown, as extra individuals set up HSAs and accumulate giant balances, the chances are that the necessity to shortly withdraw these funds will develop into more and more widespread – making it all of the extra worthwhile for advisors (notably these recommending HSA maximization methods) to have instruments for doing so whereas nonetheless maximizing the tax benefit of the HSA!